by Professor J. Van Nostrand, the Texas
State School for the Deaf was established in 1857.
Initial enrollment consisted of seven students. Classes were
held in a farmhouse on the south side of the Colorado River.
The farmhouse and the 57 acres around it were rented for the
first year and then purchased by the state the following year.
Texas school built with public funds was here in
Austin. The Austin Graded School, later known as Pease School
in honor of Governor Pease, began in 1876. The first public
school students were given very strict rules of conduct--much
harsher than today's regulations.
"Pupils may not leave their seats without permission.
Pupils may not communicate with each other in any way.
In the morning, the male pupils will enter through the center
door and females through the side doors.
At lunch time, the males and the females will be kept separate.
The use of tobacco in any form is strictly prohibited.
Pupils who arrive before nine and engage in sports unfit themselves
Such pupils must go to their classroom and enter their studies."
Austin Graded School. Rules of Conduct, c.1876.
Jewish congregation in Austin, Temple Beth Israel,
was established in 1876 and consisted of approximately thirty
families. Henry Hirshfeld was elected the first president. Construction
of the synagogue on a lot purchased at the corner of Mesquite
(11th) and San Jacinto did not begin until 1881. In the interim,
services were held at the Odd Fellow's Hall or at Mr. Sampson's
Hall; the building was completed in 1884.
"The Israelites of Austin will hold a meeting this evening
at 2 p.m. at the Odd Fellow's Hall, for the purpose of forming
a congregation. All are cordially invited to attend." Daily
Statesman, September 24, 1876
one woman pioneered four important educational events for Austin
and the State of Texas? Jessie Andrews did and her four notable
feats were: to be the first
woman to enroll at the University of Texas; to graduate from
U.T.; to be a member of the Alumni Association of U.T.; and
to teach at U.T. Andrews enrolled at the University
of Texas in 1883, at the tender age of sixteen. She received
her Bachelor of Arts Degree at age nineteen, and by 1888 had
served as an instructor in the German Department of the University.
1839, Judge Edwin Waller planned the city of Austin and set
aside 40 acres of land "most eligible for a University."
Although Texas legislators at many times had considered the
establishment of a state university, it was not until after
the Civil War and Reconstruction that the negotiations began.
Finally, on March 30, 1881, a bill was passed by state legislators
establishing the University of Texas.
"The Legislature shall, as soon as practicable, establish,
organize, and provide the maintenance, support, and direction
of a university of the first class, to be located by a vote
of the people of the State and styled 'The University of Texas,'
for the promotion of literature and the arts and sciences, including
an agricultural and mechanical department." 1875 Constitutional